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S. Korea suffocated by worst yellow dust storm in a decade

23:24, Monday, 29 March, 2021
S. Korea suffocated by worst yellow dust storm in a decade

An extraordinarily strong yellow dust storm originating from the inland deserts in northern China and Mongolia blanketed all of South Korea on Monday, prompting authorities to issue a yellow dust warning for Seoul and almost all parts of the country for the first time in a decade.
     The density of fine dust particles smaller than 10 micrometers in diameter, known as PM 10, soared to 1,174 micrograms per cubic meter in Daegu on Monday morning, the worst level since Nov. 12, 2010, when the corresponding figure reached 1,047 micrograms in the southeastern city.
     The PM 10 reading also surged far above the government-designated "very bad" level in the greater Seoul area and all other regions throughout the day. An extraordinarily strong yellow dust storm originating from the inland deserts in northern China and Mongolia blanketed all of South Korea on Monday, prompting authorities to issue a yellow dust warning for Seoul and almost all parts of the country for the first time in a decade.
     The density of fine dust particles smaller than 10 micrometers in diameter, known as PM 10, soared to 1,174 micrograms per cubic meter in Daegu on Monday morning, the worst level since Nov. 12, 2010, when the corresponding figure reached 1,047 micrograms in the southeastern city.
     The PM 10 reading also surged far above the government-designated "very bad" level in the greater Seoul area and all other regions throughout the day.
     This photo, taken March 29, 2021, shows haze blurring the sky over a road in Seoul as a yellow dust storm causes the density of harmful particles to increase, with a yellow dust warning issued for the South Korean capital.
     The weather authorities here categorize concentrations of PM 10 between zero and 30 micrograms as "good," between 31 and 80 as "normal," between 81 and 150 as "bad" and more than 151 as "very bad."
     As of 3 p.m., the hourly average concentration of PM 10 reached 836 micrograms on the southern resort island of Jeju, 791 micrograms in Busan, 781 micrograms in the southwestern province of South Jeolla, 569 micrograms in the southwestern city of Gwangju and 491 micrograms in the central city of Daejeon, according to the state-run National Institute of Environmental Research's Air Quality Forecasting Center.
     In Seoul, the hourly PM 10 average fell to 190 micrograms as of 3 p.m. from a daily peak of 545 micrograms. In Daegu, as well, the corresponding figure dropped to 372 micrograms, though it once skyrocketed to 1,348 micrograms in parts of the city in the morning.

The center explained that the entire nation has come under the influence of a massive dust storm that originated in the Inner Mongolian region in northern China and the Gobi Desert in Mongolia on Friday and moved south by riding northwesterly winds.
     It forecast the PM 10 reading will remain at the very bad level across the nation throughout Monday and at the bad level Tuesday due to residual yellow dust and atmospheric stagnation.

The Korea Meteorological Administration issued a yellow dust warning for Seoul as of 7:10 a.m., asking citizens with respiratory or cardiovascular problems, children and other vulnerable people to refrain from going outdoors.
     The yellow dust warning was also issued for almost all parts of the country, excluding Gangwon Province and some southern regions. A yellow dust warning is issued when the PM 10 figure is forecast to stay above 800 micrograms per cubic meter for longer than two hours.
     In a related move, the Ministry of Environment said the third-highest level of "caution" in the government's four-stage crisis alert against yellow dust was enforced for all of the nation's 17 metropolitan cities and provinces for the first time since the alert system was adopted in 2015.
     The yellow dust "caution" level is enforced when a yellow dust warning is in effect and the hourly PM 10 average is expected to stay above 300 micrograms for longer than two hours.
     The ministry asked that all schools nationwide suspend outdoor classes, outdoor workers wear masks and the weak and vulnerable people be protected from air pollution.

According to the air quality center, the density of ultrafine dust particles smaller than 2.5 micrometers in diameter, known as PM 2.5, also soared to the very bad level in almost all parts of the country, including the greater Seoul area, in the morning.
     As of 10 a.m., the hourly concentration of PM 2.5 rose to 169 micrograms per cubic meter in Daegu, 134 micrograms in North Gyeongsang Province, 130 micrograms in Gwangju, 126 micrograms in South Gyeongsang Province and 124 micrograms in North Jeolla Province, though those figures dropped below 100 micrograms in Seoul and almost all other regions in the afternoon.
     South Korea's authorities have classified levels of PM 2.5 above 35 micrograms per cubic meter as "bad" and above 75 micrograms as "very bad," while the World Health Organization recommends keeping levels below 25 micrograms.

In Daegu and other cities put under the yellow dust warning, the view was so blurred that the boundaries of mountains and high-rise buildings could hardly be distinguished and citizens gave up outdoor activities early.
     Public parks and popular places to see cherry blossoms and other spring flowers were visibly deserted, while exhibition pro baseball games were canceled due to fears of possible health problems for players.
     Many citizens who locked themselves in offices or homes for fear of harmful dust particles complained of dust-related pain in their throats and eyes throughout the day.
     "Even in the office, I felt like my throat is sore and my eyes are sore. So I can hardly concentrate on my work all day," said a company employee in Seoul.

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