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For Fat Cells, Breakfast is Most Important Meal of the Day

02:40, Sunday, 03 December, 2017
For Fat Cells, Breakfast is Most Important Meal of the Day

According to a new study from the Universities of Bath and Nottingham, UK, regularly eating breakfast affects fat cells by decreasing the activity of genes involved in fat metabolism and increasing how much sugar they take up — this may lower diabetes and cardiovascular risk. The researchers also found that fat in obese people responds less to insulin than lean people do.
     For six weeks, Dr. Javier Gonzalez from the University of Bath and co-authors asked 49 adults (29 lean and 20 obese) to either eat breakfast every day before 11 am or fast until mid-day.
     Participants in the breakfast were asked to consume 350 kilocalories within 2 hours of waking and at least 700 calories by 11.00 every day; whereas the fasting group consumed no energy until midday.
     Before and after the six weeks, the authors measured metabolism, body composition, appetite responses and markers of metabolic and cardiovascular health.
     They also measured participants’ fat for the activity of 44 different genes and key proteins, and studied the ability of the fat cells to take up glucose in response to insulin.
     “By better understanding how fat responds to what and when we eat, we can more precisely target those mechanisms,” Dr. Gonzalez said.
     “We may be able to uncover new ways to prevent the negative consequences of having a large amount of body fat, even if we cannot get rid of it.”

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