Russia & US-brokered Syria ceasefire coming into force, 48hr pause to start at sunset
he landmark new Syrian ceasefire plan, brokered in Geneva by Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and his US counterpart, John Kerry, is set to start on Monday evening. It will initiate an initial 48-hour truce, which must then hold for the entire week.
Kerry previously said that the ceasefire comes into effect “at sundown” on September 12, Damascus time.
According to the deal extremist organizations such as Islamic State (IS, formerly known as ISIS/ ISIL) or Fateh al-Sham (Formerly Jabhat Al-Nusra) are excluded from the cessation of violence and will be subjected to further attacks.
In case the ceasefire holds for at least a week Moscow and Washington would also establish the Russian-US Joint Implementation Centre (JIG) that would serve the purpose of “delineation of territories controlled by Al-Nusra and opposition groups in the area of active hostilities."
The 48-hours nationwide ceasefire is the first step of a proposed seven day truce and is part of a greater peace plan agreed on between Moscow and Washington. Another key element of it is the supplying of aid to the civilian population, particularly in the embattled city of Aleppo.
The announcement of the deal followed marathon talks in Geneva that started Friday morning and lasted over 13 hours. Kerry has called “on every Syrian stakeholder to support the plan that the United States and Russia have reached” to aid the peace process in Syria.
Following the talks EU officials, along with Turkey, welcomed the outcome as a step towards reconciliation that could end years of violence.
The European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini also called on “all parties to the conflict, other than groups designated as terrorist organizations by the United Nations Security Council [UNSC]” to stick to the agreement.
Russia has guaranteed the compliance of Syrian authorities with the terms of the agreement. Lavrov has announced that Syria’s leadership is ready to implement the agreements in full.
However he noted that some parts of rebel forces have been refusing to cooperate in the peace process, instead disrupting Russia’s efforts to supply humanitarian aid to Aleppo by threatening its convoys.
Washington also called on so-called moderate rebels, parts of which are backed by the US to stick to the deal.
However it added that the groups had a “right for self-defense” in case of violations of the agreement by the Syrian government.